The year 2023 has already started bringing a series of innovations to the health area, proving once again that the combination of science and technology is capable of meeting the various needs of human beings. Based on that, we separate the main scientific innovations of this month of January.
- MedTech | The 5 most interesting scientific innovations of the month [11/22]
- MedTech | The 5 most interesting scientific innovations of the month [12/22]
Gene therapy capable of rejuvenating the heart
British and Italian scientists are focusing on the investigation of genes associated with healthy aging in the elderly, in search of ways to rejuvenate the heart from a new type of gene therapy that corrects the DNA, modifying a variant of the BPIFB4 gene. In practice, the solution can rejuvenate the heart in 10 years. However, it has not yet been tested on humans.
In tests with rodents, the scientists observed hearts with alterations similar to those seen in elderly patients aged 100 years or more, as if the new gene had set back the heart’s biological clock by ten years.
Motion capture suits to detect diseases
This month, the motion capture suits worn by the cast of the Avatar franchise became the subject of research to help detect diseases that impair movement. The scientists involved tested the technology on patients with Friedreich’s ataxia (a rare hereditary, neurodegenerative, debilitating and paralyzing, irreversible disease) and Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (characterized by progressive muscle weakness).
This approach detects subtle movements that humans cannot capture, and it is estimated that it will have the ability to improve the diagnosis and monitoring of patients in the future.
3D printed tumors to fight cancer
Earlier this year, scientists developed 3D-printed tumor models that could help design new, more effective cancer therapies. The idea is to use this new 3D bioprinting system, which could also be used in the future to customize more realistic tumor models, based on biopsies from single patients, which would allow the creation of individualized and more efficient treatments.
Electronic cutlery for people with Parkinson’s
In parallel, Brazilian students developed an electronic cutlery capable of helping people with Parkinson’s who face mobility problems. The invention prevents the food from falling out during the tremor in the patient’s hands and allows the food to remain on the cutlery even in the event of tilting.
The cutlery was developed with the aid of a circuit with an angle sensor for Reviews and study of patients’ tremors. Through the sensor, it is possible to generate a graph of the tremor, considering the three axes of rotation of the movement. The prototype was tested on some patients with early-stage tremor conditions.
Cyborg cells that prevent disease
Finally, researchers created cyborg cells, which are true hybrids between natural and synthetic cells. The invention can help the health area by preventing or treating diseases. These cyborg cells have the potential to become a new class of synthetic therapy delivery systems, as projected by the researchers involved.
The purpose of these scientific innovations is to open the door to further studies on cell division and lead to new applications such as antibacterial treatment or even cancer therapy in the future.