Boy’s mummy covered in gold found in 4,300-year-old sarcophagus

Probably oldest mummy in Egypt, 4,300 years old, found in Saqqara

In a new article published in the journal Frontiers in Medicine last Tuesday (24), researchers described the discovery of 49 amulets hidden in a mummy of a teenager (about 14 years old, as estimated by the group), nicknamed the Golden Boy — precisely for squandering so much wealth. In addition to all the amulets, the young man had a golden mask on his face.

  • Probably oldest mummy in Egypt, 4,300 years old, found in Saqqara
  • Mummy older than previously thought could change the course of Egyptian history

The amulets, made up of different shapes and sizes, were strategically placed on the mummy’s body, or even inside it, and include one next to the penis, a golden scarab placed inside the chest cavity and a golden tongue inside the mouth. .

The mummy also wore a pair of sandals and a garland of ferns covered her body. “This mummy is a showcase of Egyptian beliefs about death and the afterlife during the Ptolemaic period,” the researchers estimate. The theory, based on the grave goods alone, is that the boy was of high socioeconomic status.

According to the study authors, the ancient Egyptians believed in the power of amulets, used for protection and to provide specific benefits. For example, the teenage mummy’s tongue was covered in gold to allow the gift of speech, and the sandals to allow the deceased to leave the tomb in the afterlife.

The scarab amulet placed inside the torso cavity bore engraved marks, which researchers believe represent the inscriptions and spells that the priests wrote to protect the boy during his journey. The group was so impressed with this latest amulet that they created a 3D replica.

This year has barely begun and it’s already been important for archeology: in early January, a group of Spanish Egyptologists discovered 2 new tombs at the archaeological site of the ancient city of Luxor, Egypt, containing almost 60 never-before-seen mummies.

Source: Frontiers in Medicine via Live Science